The island of Tenerife is one of the islands in the Canary Islands, belonging to Spain. Canary Islands are located opposite the Morocco coast on the northwest side of the African continent. The recent history of the islands dates back to the time of the conquest by different European adventurers, dating from …
Tenerife has an area of 2,034.38 km2, being the largest island of the Canary Islands. It has an elevation of 3,718 meters above sea level, which is the height that gives the Pico del Teide, the highest peak in Europe. With a poblation of almost 900,000 inhabitants, is the most populated island of the Canary Islands.
The capital of the island, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, is also the capital of the province with the same name, which is composed of the territories that comprise the islands of Tenerife, La Palma, La Gomera and El Hierro. In Tenerife there are two airports, being the Tenerife South Airport, located in the south of ths island, the largest and with the largest number of operations nationwide and international. The Tenerife North Airport, located in the north of Tenerife, is the one that welcomes flights between the Canary Islands, also with other national and international destinations.
As we tell you on our page, the climate in Tenerife is varied, and diverse according to the zones, the height and orography of the terrain. The rugged island orography and its variety of climates result in a territory of multiple landscapes and forms, from the Teide National Park with its amalgam of colors resulting from successive volcanic eruptions, to the Los Gigantes cliffs with their vertical walls, passing by semi-desert areas with plants resistant to dryness in the south, or by environments of a purely volcanic nature such as Malpaís de Güímar or Malpaís de La Rasca.
It also has natural beaches such as El Médano (with protected areas in its environment such as Montaña Roja and Montaña Pelada) valleys with tropical and subtropical crops, wooded laurel forests in the Anaga and Teno massifs (with deep and steep ravines) and extensive pine forests above this last plant formation.
Something about the History of Tenerife
Before the conquest by the forces of Castile, the island of Tenerife was inhabited by the Guanches, who called this Chinet or Achinet land. The Guanches arrived in Tenerife before the 5th century BC. For more than 2,000 years they inhabited the island and they tried to adapt to their environmental peculiarities until 1496, when they were submitted by the Spanish troops. Tenerife was the last island to be conquered by the Catholic Monarchs.
Tenerife owes its name to a mencey that was about 100 years before the conquest, called Tinerfe el Grande. This king had his court in Adeje. It also owes its name to the volcano, since it was placed by the benefaoritas (the aborigines of La Palma): Tene (mountain) ife(white), referring to the snows perched on the volcano, the Castilianization of the name caused that an r was added to Join both words and so on: Tenerife.
But the Europeans began to have proof of the Canary Islands thanks to the texts of Pliny the Elder, since the Atlantic was the limit of the known world. But it was the Hispano-Roman geographer Pomponio Mela who placed them on a map accurately for the first time time. During the 4th and 14th centuries there are no testimonies of them, except the famous San Borondón trip. In the Middle Ages they were visited by the Arabs until its rediscovery in the 14th century.
Guanches, aborigines of Tenerife
The Guanches won the first battle at the time of its conquest to the Adelantado Alonso Fernández de Lugo: it was the Battle of Acentejo in 1494. But the Guanches, who could not compete in technology against the members of the Crown of Castile, and because of the new diseases to which they were not immune, fell before the Castilian troops in 1495, exactly on December 25.
The aborigines were subjected as slaves and immigrants of Spanish protectorates settled on the island. The pine forests They were replaced by sugarcane crops. Throughout the centuries, the Tenerife economy focused on the cultivation of the vine, of the cochineal to make dyes and the banana.
Tenerife, like the other islands of the Canarian archipelago, has been attacked throughout its history by different corsairs (French, English …) according to the Spanish alliances and wars. But in the following centuries, other less hostile visitors. They arrived at the island. Such was the case of the naturalist Alexander von Humboldt, who ascended the peak of Teide and began to relate the beauties of Tenerife. Thus, thanks to these opinions, many tourists began arriving in the 1890s, especially at north of the island. Puerto de la Cruz was the first tourist municipality of Tenerife declared “Place of Tourist Interest” in 1955.
Something about Economics
Currently the economy is based mainly on tourism and the service sector. While there is representation of activity in the primary sector, as well as in industry and commerce. It has been mainly since the last half century where the tourist boom lived by the Canary Islands has become representatively important for the economy of the islands.